The Artemis mission, aiming to send people back to the Moon, has received a new fleet of vehicles at Kennedy Space Centre for NASA’s Artemis crews. The vehicles will be essential in assisting lunar missions as well as the astronauts’ exploration and scientific endeavours.

NASA selects new payload for lunar robotic missions to study volcanic terrain’s age and composition.

Definition of Artemis:

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA’s) Artemis program aims to send people back to the Moon and establish a long-term presence there. It is named after the Moon-related Greek goddess Artemis, who is Apollo’s twin sister and the subject of past NASA lunar expeditions.

Orion spacecraft:

One of these is the Orion spacecraft, which will act as the crew vehicle for missions into deep space, such as trips to the Moon. The Orion spacecraft has the ability to accommodate longer-duration trips and is built to securely transport astronauts to and from lunar orbit.

The Human Landing System (HLS):

The Human Landing System (HLS), which NASA is developing, will be in charge of transporting personnel from lunar orbit to the Moon’s surface and back. For crewed lunar landings, the HLS will be a crucial component that will allow humans to explore the lunar surface and carry out scientific research.

Space Launch System (SLS):

The Orion spacecraft and its payloads will be launched into space by the Space Launch System (SLS), a potent rocket. Beyond low-Earth orbit, it will be able to launch crewed missions, enabling lunar exploration and, eventually, assisting Mars exploration.


A small crewed outpost called the Lunar Gateway will circle the Moon. Lunar surface mission staging area, interdisciplinary study, technological demonstrations, and global partnerships.

International collaborations:

NASA collaborates with international partners to achieve Artemis program objectives. This cooperation makes it possible to pool resources, exchange knowledge, and share expertise.

The Artemis program includes a number of missions, including:

Unmanned mission Artemis 1 will send the Orion spacecraft to the Moon along with the Space Launch System (SLS) rocket. Furthermore, a crewed mission called Artemis 2 will orbit the Moon without setting down. Subsequently, Artemis 3, a crewed mission, will place a woman of color on the Moon for the first time.

Artemis 4 aims to establish permanent Moon presence, building on historic accomplishment. Finally, Artemis 5 crewed mission investigates Moon’s South Pole, marking a crucial step in lunar exploration journey.

Here are some of the key features of the Artemis program:

Firstly, the SLS rocket is the most powerful rocket ever built. Launch vehicle to propel Orion spacecraft to Moon, advancing space exploration.

Secondly, the Orion spacecraft itself plays a crucial role in the Artemis program. This crewed spacecraft is specifically designed to transport astronauts to and from the Moon, ensuring their safe journey and return.

Additionally, the Gateway will be a fundamental component of the Artemis program. Positioned in lunar orbit, this space station will serve as a vital staging area for missions destined for the Moon’s surface. It will facilitate mission coordination, provide additional living space, and enable scientific research and technology demonstrations.

Moreover, the Artemis Base Camp represents an ambitious plan to establish a sustainable presence on the Moon. Serving as a lunar outpost, it will support extended human habitation and exploration. Base camp crucial for research, testing technologies, and preparing for deep space missions.

Overall, The Artemis program utilizes SLS rocket’s power, Orion spacecraft’s capabilities, Gateway’s strategic importance, and Base Camp’s vision. Together, the framework enables human exploration, expanding understanding of the Moon, and preparing for future space endeavours.


DIMPLE is the result of NASA’s third annual proposal call for PRISM, sends science investigations to the Moon through CLPS. This initiative allows proposers to choose and justify landing sites for high-priority lunar science investigations. DIMPLE contributes to understanding the Moon’s origins and supports long-term human exploration, including Mars.


The Ina Irregular Mare Patch, discovered in 1971 by Apollo 15, will be studied using the DIMPLE instrument suite, a Lunar Explorer-based dating tool. Understanding the Moon’s evolution and mound’s history can provide insights into the solar system’s history.


The payload suite has a $50 million price cap, and delivery cannot happen before the second quarter of 2027. NASA plans to issue CLPS task order in 2024 to select launch services for DIMPLE’s lunar mission.

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The Moon is a popular destination for scientific discovery, with 70 Irregular Mare Patches discovered by NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. DIMPLE mission uses CLPS rover, instrument, spectrometer to determine Irregular Mare Patches formation from volcanic processes.Mission analyses Ina surface samples, ranging from three to 25 samples, to understand volcanic activity timing.

Recent geological activity suggests warmer lunar mantle or radioactive elements contributed to small-scale eruptions, possibly indicating lunar evolution’s continuation. Older eruptions in Ina could revaluate Moon’s crater age and evolution, impacting Earth and solar system understanding.

The CLPS initiative supports NASA’s Artemis lunar exploration, enabling cost-effective, cutting-edge lunar science research at the Moon. The science and technology payloads sent to the Moon’s surface will help lay the foundation for future human missions.